The VPA aims to ensure that wood and by-products exported to the EU come from legal sources. The agreements also help timber-exporting countries end illegal logging by improving the regulation and governance of the forestry sector. Firstly, while the EU and a national government are negotiating a VPA, the content of the agreement is decided in the partner country through an advisory process involving stakeholders from government, the private sector and civil society. This means, for example, that national stakeholders decide how legal timber should be defined in accordance with the law of that country. Voluntary Partnership Agreements (VPAs) are a central part of the EU`s strategy to combat illegal logging. A VPA is a bilateral trade agreement between the EU and a timber exporting country outside the EU. Each VPA is a bilateral trade agreement negotiated between the EU and a timber exporting country outside the EU. While the parties voluntarily enter into a VPA, the agreement will become legally binding once both parties have ratified it. Countries that implement the VPA: six countries have concluded the VPA negotiations and are implementing their agreements with the EU: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Ghana, Liberia, Indonesia, Republic of Congo Although no country has yet begun licensing FLEGT, two countries – Ghana and Indonesia – are close to this goal.   A key element of the FLEGT action plan is a voluntary scheme to ensure that only legally harvested timber is imported into the EU from countries that agree to participate in the scheme.
A VPA differs in many respects from a typical bilateral trade agreement. One of the measures of the EU`s fLEGT application action plan is the EU`s timber regulation, which prohibits operators from introducing wood and by-products to the EU market. Supply measures include Voluntary Partnership Agreements (VPAs), which are legally binding trade agreements between the EU and timber-exporting countries outside the EU. This space serves as a platform for the exchange of knowledge in the EU`s political, political, political and trade action plan (FLEGT), with an emphasis on the impact of voluntary partnership agreements in partner countries. A VPA is a legally binding trade agreement between the European Union and timber-producing countries.