The pact was adopted in December 2018. It is a non-binding agreement that provides a framework for government cooperation in the area of migration. In paragraph 45, it is expected that IOM will be the secretariat and coordinator of the new “Network of Non-Migration Nations” responsible for monitoring and reviewing the Pact`s commitments, and that it will support the implementation of these commitments, including capacity building. The agreement will focus on strengthening and extending measures to remove health barriers and the disproportionate effects of COVID-19 on the migrant population. The term “related organization” does not appear anywhere in the text of the Charter of the United Nations. It is a generic term used to refer to any organization that has a cooperation agreement with the United Nations, but is not a special agency of the United Nations. Nevertheless, the UN-IOM agreement in many respects mimics the agreement between the United Nations and its specialized institutions, in accordance with Articles 57 and 63 of the UN Charter. The key difference is that a “specialized agency” is subject to the direct supervision of the General Assembly. The United Nations aims to maintain international peace and security in accordance with the principles of international law and law, including the promotion and promotion of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms (Article 1). IOM`s constitutional mandate is to provide services to facilitate the management of migration “on demand and in agreement with the States concerned” and to “comply with the laws, rules and policies of the States concerned” (Article 1). The IOM agreement provides that IOM is required to act in accordance with the objectives and principles of the UN Charter and to “take due account” of UN policy in general (Article 2, paragraph 5), but it is easy to see how a conflict of interest could arise.
The new agreement aims to improve access to health for these vulnerable populations and to help countries in the area of border health, including prevention and response to emergencies. In addition, actions will be strengthened in all sectors, including education, social assistance and protection, to better plan health interventions, with a short-, medium- and long-term vision. Washington D.C., October 9, 2020 (PAHO) – More than 70 million migrants living in the U.S. region across international borders will today benefit from a joint agreement signed today by Carissa F. Etienne, Director of the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) and Antonio Vitorino, Director General of the International Organization for Migration (IOM).