In accordance with the CCC guidelines, which provide operational guidance to countries in this area: MCC, guidelines for the integration of gender equality, March 2011. Despite abandoning the MCC selection criteria, Senegal is on track to secure significant funding from the organization. In April 2009, the MCC even awarded the Senegalese government a $13.39 million grant to help it sign a “compact,” as the agency calls its multi-year funding agreements. The pact, which the MCC considers its first priority, would invest hundreds of millions of dollars in infrastructure projects led by Karim Wade. The MCC Board of Directors conducts a country-by-country selection process in stages, first identifying the candidate countries and then assessing whether they are eligible for assistance.8 Candidate countries are determined on the basis of per capita income. Only low- and low-middle-income countries are considered candidates according to the World Bank`s income classifications. Eligible countries are selected from these candidates on the basis of their proven commitment to policy in relation to the three key areas of the CCM: countries that would be considered candidates for GJ 2020 but which, under the application of a provision of the Foreign Assistance Act or other provision of the Act, are not entitled to obtain economic support from the United States in accordance with Part I of the Foreign Assistance Act. , are listed below. This list is based on legal bans on economic aid applicable from 19 July 2019. This would not be the first year in which the Board of Directors adopted the selection of new emerging countries. But the underlying problem is that there are potentially good choices that MCC cannot legally pursue.
A few years ago, Congress imposed a restriction that prevents the MCC from implementing a growth program with any country that already has a pact. It seems that this was done in response to a concrete case. In fiscal 2011, the MCC`s Board of Directors elected Honduras – which was following a coup and had not succeeded in scoring at that time – in a political maneuver determined enough for an emerging program, just after it had completed its compact. This was a weak case for threshold eligibility. MCC had just worked closely with Honduras for five years; It did not need the threshold program to give an overview of the type of partnership it might have. Health projects (other than water and sanitation) were included in four pacts and four threshold agreements with seven countries. Funding for these projects represented a different share of the overall funding of each agreement, ranging from 0.4% of Namibia`s compact funding to 36% of Indonesian threshold funding (see Table 2).22 Some examples of health projects supported by MCC are: the pacts are five-year agreements between MCCs and an eligible country to finance specific poverty reduction and economic growth-boosting programmes. MCC`s unique model for the development of compact programs reflects the principles that characterized the creation of the Agency in 2004. These include the principle of country responsibility, the belief that aid is most effective when it is based on a partnership (or pact) in which recipient countries assume greater responsibility for their own economic development. The law requires the identification of all candidate countries for the GJ 2020 and the identification of all countries that would be candidates, but for certain legal prohibitions on assistance.