VIII The Indian Prime Minister and the President of Pakistan agreed that the parties would continue to discuss issues related to refugee and forced displacement and illegal immigration. They also agreed that both sides would create conditions that would prevent the exodus of the population. They also agreed to discuss the return of assets and assets taken over by both sides in the conflict. The agreement was negotiated by Soviet Prime Minister Alexei Kosygin, who had invited the parties to Tashkent. The parties agreed to remove all armed forces from positions that were occupied before August 5, 1965; Renewing diplomatic relations; and to discuss economic, refugee and other issues. The agreement was criticized in India because it contained no war pact or renouncement of guerrilla aggression in Kashmir. An agreement signed by Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri and Pakistani President Ayub Khan in the Soviet city of Tashkent to end the Second Indo-Pakistan War on Kashmir. The two countries agreed not only to withdraw their troops from the territory of the other region and to recover their prisoners of war, but also to begin to normalize their diplomatic relations. Unfortunately, the beginning of Indo-Pakistani friendly relations was made more difficult by Shastri`s death a few hours after the signing of the agreement. The agreement has done little to ease the deep hostility between the two countries since independence in 1947 and did not prevent the outbreak of new hostilities in 1970. After the independence of British rule, India remained a permanent threat to Pakistan`s security when congressional leaders soon began to reverse the division. India illegally conquered many areas of Pakistan by hooks or crooks and one of these controversial territories was the state of Kashmir. The first war for Kashmir took place in 1947-1948.
The Second War took place in 1965 because of the same question, which was expressive of the inherent hostility between the neighbours. The war began on September 6, when India took Pakistan by crossing the international border in the darkness of the night. In seventeen days, thousands of people have been deployed on both sides of the Earth. The United States and the Soviet Union have forced the United Nations to play its part in the peaceful settlement and to compel it to resolve all problems between the two countries amicably, as war undermines world peace. The efforts of the United Nations brought peace because the two countries agreed to a ceasefire. In addition, Soviet Prime Minister Alexei Kosygin also played an important role in bringing countries to the negotiating table when he invited both sides to Tashkent. Tashkent Agreement (January 10, 1966), signed by Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri (died the next day) and Pakistani President Ayub Khan, which ended 17 days of war between Pakistan and India from August to September 1965. The UN Security Council concluded a ceasefire on 22 September 1965. IX The Indian Prime Minister and the President of Pakistan agreed that the parties would continue to meet at the highest and other levels on issues of immediate importance to both countries. Both sides recognized the need for joint Indo-Pakistani bodies to report to their governments to decide what further action should be taken.