Kigali Agreement Wiki

The Fund is managed by an executive committee similarly representing seven industrialized countries and seven Article 5 countries, elected each year by a meeting of the parties. Each year, the committee reports on its activities at the parties` meeting. The Multilateral Fund`s work on the ground in developing countries is being led by four implementation agencies that have contractual agreements with the Executive Committee:[40] The Montreal Protocol on Ozone Depleting Substances is the pioneering multilateral environmental agreement that governs the production and consumption of nearly 100 man-made chemicals , called ozone-depleting substances (SDGs). When these chemicals are released into the atmosphere, they harm the stratospheric ozone layer, the earth`s protective shield that protects humans and the environment from the sun`s harmful rays. The protocol adopted on 15 September 1987 is to date the only UN treaty ever ratified in all the countries of the world – the 197 member states of the United Nations. As a result of the international agreement, the hole in the Antarctic ozone layer is slowly recovering. [5] Climate forecasts indicate that the ozone layer will return to its 1980 level between 2050 and 2070. [6] [7] [8] The success of the Montreal Protocol is attributed to its effective burden-sharing and solution proposals, which have helped to mitigate regional conflicts of interest in relation to the inadequacies of the overall regulatory approach to the Kyoto Protocol. [9] However, global regulation was put in place before a scientific consensus was reached, and public opinion was convinced of the potential risks associated with the ozone layer. [10] Since 23 June 2015, all countries of the United Nations, the Cook Islands, the Holy See, Niue and the European Union have ratified the original Montreal Protocol (see external link below) [42] South Sudan being the last country to ratify the agreement, bringing the total to 197.

These countries also ratified the london, Copenhagen, Montreal and Beijing amendments. [12] Topics: Climate Change – Environment – Global Warming – CFC – Hydrocarbons – International Agreement – Kigali Agreement – Montreal Protocol – Rwanda In 1985, 20 nations, including most major producers of CFCs, signed the Vienna Convention, which set a framework for negotiating international rules on ozone-depleting substances. [37] Following the discovery of the hole in the ozone layer by SAGE 2, it took only 18 months for a binding agreement to be reached in Montreal, Canada. The parties to the Montreal Protocol agreed at their 28th meeting in Kigali, Rwanda, on October 15, 2016, to gradually reduce CFCs. Countries agreed to add the list of controlled substances to the list of controlled substances and approved a timetable for their gradual reduction from 80 to 85% by the end of the 2040s. The first reductions by industrialized countries are expected in 2019. Developing countries will see a freeze on CFC consumption for some countries in 2024 and 2028.

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