Garrison Dam Agreement 1948

Under the terms of the agreement, the United States would provide $50,000 for 50 years to the various tribes, determine the territorial boundaries of each tribe, provide sanctions for defamation, and give the government the power to make roads and build military fortresses in Indian countries and other provisions. (Kappler, (compiled and edited) 1904 Indian Affairs, Laws and Treatys, Washington, Vol. James McLaughlin, veteran agent of many tribes, arrived at Fort Berthold in June 1902. He proposed that the Mandan, Hidatsa and Arikara/Sahnish sell about 315,000 hectares of their land. They refused the sale. When the tribes reached an agreement, they agreed to sell 208,000 hectares for 1.25 $US per hectare, build a fence and buy bulls, mares, mowers and rakes. The remaining funds should be allocated equally among each of them. For unknown reasons, this proposal submitted to Congress has never been ratified. A bill has been introduced to open reservation grounds.

The tribes objected because the government did not give advice with them and got its approval of the proposed legislation. In 1898, the Mandan, Hidatsa and Arikara petitioned the President of the United States requesting permission to send a delegation to Washington to present their demands. When nothing came out of these efforts, they were in 1911, recalling in Washington the history of tribal government relations. About a year later, a delegation was allowed to come to Washington. In this regard, differing interpretations of the terms of the 1909 agreement for the opening of the reserve should be discussed. They were ordered to have a lawyer to follow up on their case. Three years later, another delegation was sent. The only issue the government would discuss with them was the distribution of revenues from land sales after the recent opening of the reserve. In addition to the seizures of land under the executive orders of 1870 and 1880, the tribes now wanted to take over the Fort Stevenson Military Reserve. The precedent set by the 1880 agreement, as well as the history of Indian treaties in general, led Mandan, Hidatsa and Arikara to believe that they should have been compensated for these reductions.

(Meyer, 1977, 186). In 1870, a group of Hidatsa and some Manddanians who wanted to maintain their traditional way of life left the village to go up 120 miles (outside the reserve boundary) and let themselves go to Fort Buford, near present-day Williston, North Dakota. There were a number of reasons for this, but you might have been a disagreement between Crow Flies High and government-backed leaders, Poor Wolf and Crows Paunch. Another applied with the distribution of rations and internal leadership conflicts. On October 17, 1988, Congress passed the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act as a means of economic stability and livelihoods for tribes.

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